Processing Background Jobs

Hangfire Server part is responsible for background job processing. The Server does not depend on ASP.NET and can be started anywhere, from a console application to Microsoft Azure Worker Role. Single API for all applications is exposed through the BackgroundJobServer class:

// Create an instance of Hangfire Server and start it.
// Please look at ctor overrides for advanced options like
// explicit job storage instance.
var server = new BackgroundJobServer();

// Wait for graceful server shutdown.

Always dispose your background server

Call the Dispose method whenever possible to have graceful shutdown features working.

Hangfire Server consists of different components that are doing different work: workers listen to queue and process jobs, recurring scheduler enqueues recurring jobs, schedule poller enqueues delayed jobs, expire manager removes obsolete jobs and keeps the storage as clean as possible, etc.

You can turn off the processing

If you don’t want to process background jobs in a specific application instance, just don’t create an instance of the BackgroundJobServer class.

The Dispose method is a blocking one, it waits until all the components prepare for shutdown (for example, workers will place back interrupted jobs to their queues). So, we can talk about graceful shutdown only after waiting for all the components.

Strictly saying, you aren’t required to invoke the Dispose method. Hangfire can handle even unexpected process terminations, and will retry interrupted jobs automatically. However it is better to control the exit points in your methods by using cancellation tokens.